Austrian Napoleonic Artillery M4 76mm Sherman Medium Tank British Motor Torpedo Boat German Pocket Battleships Napoleon's Guns 2. M24 Chaffee Light Tank American Heavy Frigates Chieftain Main Battle Tank German Heavy Cruisers V-2 Ballistic Missile Armored Units of the Russian Civil War. German Light Cruisers M60 Main Battle Tank Bell UH-1 Huey -Slicks- British Battlecruisers Napoleonic Naval Armaments German Destroyers Confederate Blockade Runner Modern Israeli Tanks and Infantry Carriers British Artillery Spanish Galleon M18 Hellcat Tank Destroyer British Anti-tank Artillery Space Shuttle Launch System British Mark I Tank Zeppelins: German Airships T and T Main Battle Tanks Confederate Submarines and Torpedo Vessels Cromwell Cruiser Tank V-1 Flying Bomb English Civil War Artillery Imperial Japanese Navy Aircraft Carriers Universal Carrier Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank Sikorsky UH Black Hawk.
Jeeps US Submarines Bronze Age War Chariots. Scud Ballistic Missile and Launch Systems Stryker Combat Vehicles. Swimming Shermans. German Battlecruisers Huey Cobra Gunships. German Panzers Vietnam Riverine Craft British Submarines US Navy Aircraft Carriers Ancient Greek Warship.
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Imperial Japanese Navy Submarines Japanese Tanks Armored Trains. Sherman Firefly. Tudor Warships 1. US Cruisers Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. British Submarines of World War I. Imperial Japanese Navy Battleships This battle is referred to by the Germans as the Fourth Battle of Kharkov, while the Soviets refer to it as the Belgorod—Kharkov offensive operation. The campaign was a strategic Soviet success. For the first time, a major German offensive had been stopped before achieving a breakthrough. The Germans, despite using more technologically advanced armour than in previous years, were unable to break through the in-depth Soviet defences and were caught off guard by the significant operational reserves of the Red Army.
This result changed the pattern of operations on the Eastern Front, with the Soviet Union gaining the operational initiative. The Soviet victory was costly, with the Red Army losing considerably more men and materiel than the German Army. However, the Soviet Union's larger industrial potential and pool of manpower allowed them to absorb and replenish these losses. With the failure of Zitadelle we have suffered a decisive defeat. The armoured formations, reformed and re-equipped with so much effort, had lost heavily in both men and equipment and would now be unemployable for a long time to come.
It was problematical whether they could be rehabilitated in time to defend the Eastern Front Needless to say the [Soviets] exploited their victory to the full. There were to be no more periods of quiet on the Eastern Front. From now on, the enemy was in undisputed possession of the initiative. With victory, the initiative firmly passed to the Red Army. For the remainder of the war the Germans were limited to reacting to Soviet advances, and were never able to regain the initiative or launch a major offensive on the Eastern Front.
Though the location, plan of attack, and timing were determined by Hitler, he blamed the defeat on his General Staff. Unlike Stalin, who gave his commanding generals the liberty to make important command decisions, Hitler's interference in German military matters progressively increased while his attention to the political aspects of the war decreased. Stalin stepped back from operational planning, only rarely overruling military decisions, resulting in the Red Army gaining more freedom of action during the course of the war. The casualties suffered by the two combatants are difficult to determine, due to several factors.
In regard to the Germans, equipment losses were complicated by the fact that they made determined efforts to recover and repair tanks. For example, tanks disabled one day often appeared a day or two later repaired. Many were transferred to the United States national archives and were not made available until , while others were taken by the Soviet Union, which declined to confirm their existence.
Russian military historian Grigoriy Krivosheyev , who based his figures on the Soviet archives, is considered by historian David Glantz as the most reliable source for Soviet casualty figures. The Voronezh Front suffered 27, irrecoverable casualties and 46, medical casualties, for a total of 73, The Steppe Front suffered 27, irrecoverable casualties and 42, medical casualties, for a total of 70, During the two Soviet offensives, total casualties amounted to , men.
During Operation Kutuzov, Soviet losses amounted to , irrecoverable casualties and , medical casualties, for a total loss of , men. The Bryansk Front suffered 39, irrecoverable casualties and , medical casualties. The Central Front lost 47, irrecoverable casualties and , medical casualties. The Voronezh Front lost 48, irrecoverable casualties and , medical casualties, for a total of , The Steppe Front lost 23, irrecoverable casualties and 75, medical casualties, for a total of 98, The Soviet losses were roughly three times larger than the German losses.
The loss ratio suffered by the Soviets was roughly in favour of the German military. Soviet tank strength went back up to 2, tanks by 3 August due to the repair of damaged vehicles. Total casualties are uncertain. Karl-Heinz Frieser, who reviewed the German archive record, calculated that during Operation Citadel 54, casualties were suffered. Of these, 9, were killed, 1, were reported missing and 43, were wounded.
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The 9th Army suffered 23, casualties, while Army Group South suffered 30, casualties. In facing Operation Kutuzov, 14, men were killed, 11, were reported missing presumed killed or captured and 60, were wounded. Total casualties for the three battles were about 50, killed or missing and , wounded per German military medical data [ citation needed ]. During Operation Citadel, to tanks and assault guns were destroyed. By 5 July, when the Battle of Kursk started, there were only operational Panthers.
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Within two days, this had dropped to Due to enemy action and mechanical breakdowns, the combat strength sank rapidly during the first few days. By the evening of 10 July there were only 10 operational Panthers in the frontline. Approximately 40 Panthers had already been repaired and were on the way to the front. About 25 still had not been recovered by the repair service On the evening of 11 July, 38 Panthers were operational, 31 were total writeoffs and were in need of repair. A slow increase in the combat strength is observable. The large number of losses by hits 81 Panthers up to 10 July attests to the heavy fighting.
Thus, a report on 11 August showed that the numbers of total writeoffs in Panthers swelled to , with only 9 operational. The German Army was forced into a fighting retreat and increasingly lost tanks in combat as well as from abandoning and destroying damaged vehicles. Most of these occurred during their offensive at Kursk. The total number of German tanks and assault guns destroyed during July and August along the entire Eastern Front amount to 1, Of these, Frieser estimates that were destroyed during the Battle of Kursk.
Frieser reports Luftwaffe losses at planes, with lost during the German offensive, destroyed during Operation Kutuzov, and a further lost during Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Operation Citadel: , men  2, tanks  9, guns and mortars .
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Operation Citadel: 1,, men  5, tanks  25, guns and mortars . Operation Citadel: [d]  54, men  [e]  — tanks and assault guns destroyed,   1, tanks and assault guns damaged   aircraft   c. Eastern Front. Battle of Kursk. See also: Battle of Kursk order of battle. Main article: Battle of Prokhorovka.
Main article: Operation Kutuzov. Main article: Belgorod-Kharkov Offensive Operation.
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Orel-counter ; 2, Belgorod-counter ; 1, Citino used the term to comment on the failure of the operation: "The operation misfired from the start. There was no strategic breakthrough—no "blitzkrieg", no war of movement. Instead it turned into World War I with tanks".
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Citino In The Wehrmacht Retreats: Fighting a Lost War, , Citino did not use the term "blitzkrieg", instead describing Citadel as an attempted operation in the classical tradition of Bewegungskrieg , literally: "war of movement", or maneuver warfare , culminating in a Kesselschlacht literally: "cauldron battle", or battle of encirclement Citino In "Achtung Panzer! He listed three elements: surprise, deployment in mass, and suitable terrain.
Of these, surprise was by far the most important. Guderian , p. The great commitment certainly would not bring us equivalent gains. The figure for German manpower refers to ration strength which includes non-combatants and wounded soldiers still in medical installations. The figures for guns and mortars are estimates based on the strength and number of units slated for the operation; the figure for tanks and assault guns include those in workshops.
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Some comrades became frightened, leaped out of the trenches, and began to run away. The commander saw who was running and quickly forced them back into the trenches, making it sternly clear that they had to stay put.
The tanks reached the trench line and, with a terrible roar, clattered overhead In addition to the units listed below, there are also the 4th Guards, 27th, 47th and 53rd Armies.